Wingspread, like many successful conferences that have had a lasting importance to the nation’s fire service such as the Williamsburg ’70 Conference, the Stonebridge Conference, the Rockville Report, etc., the name often associated with such meetings and their post-conference reports refer to the location where a given conference was held, be it a city or the name of the conference center itself. Such was the case with the original Wingspread Conference. The report and conference are named for the Wingspread Conference Center. Located in Racine, Wisconsin, the Center was designed in 1938 by Frank Lloyd Wright and is owned by the Johnson Foundation. Originally a house for the Johnson Wax family, the house was converted into a conference center in 1960, and it has been host to thousands of conferences of national and international significance. The original Wingspread Conference Reports on Fire in America are among the most valued and respected products of the Wingspread facility.
The original Wingspread Conference was held February 1966 at the Wingspread Conference Center and was sponsored by the Johnson Foundation. Eleven people participated in the event. This Conference was instrumental in leading to the establishment of today’s United States Fire Administration and its National Fire Academy.
Wingspread II was held at the Wingspread Conference Center in March of 1976. This conference occurred after the publication of America Burning in 1973 and the creation of the National Fire Prevention and Control Administration (NFPCA) in 1974. The NFPCA transitioned into the United States Fire Administration (USFA) and the National Fire Academy. Ten people participated in the conference.
Wingspread III was held in October of 1986, again at the Wingspread Conference Center. It was sponsored by The Fire Service Institute of Iowa State University and co-sponsored by the Johnson Foundation. Eight people participated in the conference.
Wingspread IV was held in Dothan, Alabama in October of 1996. The report was divided into statements of emerging issues of national importance to the fire service and statements of on-going significance to the fire service. Twenty-one people participated in the conference.
Wingspread V was held in Atlanta, Georgia in late March and early April of 2006. The report noted almost double the number of identified issues as were found in each of the previous four reports. Thirty-eight people participated in the conference.
Wingspread VI was once again held at the Wingspread Conference Center in Racine, Wisconsin. This location was selected to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the fire service Wingspread Conferences and a return to the site of the 1966 and 1976 Conferences. The statements of each Wingspread Conference are summarized at the end of this report.The participants at Wingspread VI overwhelmingly voted to hold Wingspread VII in five years rather than ten years. This decision was based on the rapid changes taking place in the United States fire and emergency services compared to the last 50 years.


The NFHC is both a fire history archive and a documentation preservation project. Our collection of over 15,000 cataloged items consists of written documents and three-dimensional items donated by the public and private sectors. Materials are cataloged, preserved and made available to NFHC visitors and online researchers.Our collection is categorized into the following media formats: Art and artifacts, Audiobooks, Charts and graphs, Documents, Maps, Photography, Reports, & Video.

Our collection consists of over 15,000 items that document the history of the American fire service and fire protection disciplines. Download the catalog file (ZIP, 3 MB) to search our collection.Should you find an item of interest, please contact us to see how we can assist you with your research.





The NFHC’s commitment to historic preservation encompasses all aspects of fire protection, from firefighting to engineering, architecture, and equipment manufacturing. We collaborate with researchers, organizations, and individuals to support their work in fire protection and prevention, including aviation, wildland, municipal, and military firefighting. Our efforts include archiving written histories to ensure that valuable information is not lost.


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